Top 10: Automotive Supply Chains

Supply Chain Digital has taken a look at the top 10 automotive supply chains
Supply Chain Digital takes a look at the top 10 biggest automotive manufacturing supply chains, including Volkswagen, Toyota and RNM

Automotive companies pride themselves on their manufacturing supply chains, the lifeblood of their efforts to build vehicles, quickly and to the highest standards.

Since Henry Ford's conception of the assembly line through the Model-T production paved the way for mass production, and was the creation point of the size and scale of supply chains we see today across the automotive industry. 

Of course, Ford remains one of the biggest players in the industry and makes this list nearly a century on. 

This list considers each company's vehicle output and revenue to assess the scale of their supply chains.

Here, Supply Chain Digital takes a look at the top 10 Automotive Supply Chains.

Hyundai

10. Hyundai

Founded: 1967 
Employees: 313,949
CEO: Jae Hoon Chang
Revenue: US$125.6bn 
Output: 4.2 million vehicles 

The Hyundai Motor Group spans household names including Hyundai, Kia and Ioniq.

They have partnered with AWS to accelerate the digitisation of their manufacturing and supply chain operations, utilising their cloud offerings across GenAI, storage and database management. 

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9. Honda

Founded: 1948
Employees:
197,039
CEO:
Toshihiro Mi
Revenue:
US$136.43bn 
Output:
4.19 million vehicles

Based in Japan, Honda manufactures both cars and motorcycles.

It leverages technological advancements to forecast demand and monitor shipments in real-time, ensuring a streamlined supply chain through the Just-In-Time approach. 

Mercedes-Benz

8. Mercedes-Benz 

Founded: 1926
Employees:
166,056
CEO:
Ola Källenius
Revenue
: US$164.4bn 
Output:
2 million vehicles 

Mercedez-Benz Group AG includes the Mercedez-Benz range and Smart brands.

They have prioritised a regional approach to sourcing and have partnered with Microsoft to ensure top-end and electric vehicles are prioritised in the supply chain. 

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7. BMW

Founded: 1916
Employees: 155,000
CEO: Oliver Zipse
Revenue: US$167.1bn 
Output: 2.555 million vehicles 

The BMW Group produces the BMW, Mini, and Rolls-Royce brands.

In order to improve efficiency and cut costs within the supply chain it adopts a strategy in which multiple vehicle models share common components – meaning both parts and production processes are interchangeable. 

Chevrolet Silverado EV

6. GM 

Founded: 1908​​​​​​​
Employees: 163,000
CEO: Mary Barra 
Revenue: US$171.8bn 
Output: 6.2 million vehicles 

The General Motor Company brand spans Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC.

They are prioritising the development of a leaner supply chain model and opened their first exclusively electric vehicle assembly plant in 2021 as part of their commitment to become carbon neutral by 2040.

Ford's EV factory

5. Ford 

Founded: 1903
Employees:
177,000
CEO:
Jim Farley
Revenue: US$176bn
Output:
4.4 million vehicles

Since pioneering the assembly line, Ford have adapted their model to minimise wastage and prioritise inventory management so now operate the Just-In-Time model.

The group includes the vast Ford range, as well as the luxury Lincoln brand. 

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4. Stellantis

Founded: 2021
Employees:
258,275 
CEO:
Carlos Tavares
Revenue:
US$$203.4bn 
Output:
6.16 million vehicles 

Stellantis' rapid growth is grounded in its legacy brands from Vauxhall and Jeep to Maserati.

They have ambitious climate targets, including achieving net zero by 2038 and already include climate requirements in their purchasing agreements. 

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3. RNM

Founded: 1999 
Employees:
375,000
Chairman:
Jean-Dominique Senard
Revenue:
 US$275.9bn 
Output:
6.5 million vehicles 

The Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance leverages the skills of its most experienced partners and shares its range of assets, meaning neither company is forced to redevelop anything from scratch.

This reduces costs and increases performance and innovation across the alliance. The Mitsubishi Group contributes to the majority of the alliance’s revenue at $141.17 bn, followed by Nissan at $78.41 bn USD and Renault at US$56.34bn. 

Manufacturing at Toyota's Takaoka Plant (Credit: Toyota)

2. Toyota 

Founded: 1937
Employees:
370,000
CEO:
Kōji Satō
Revenue:
US$298bn 
Output:
9.52 million vehicles

The Toyota Motor Corporation's brands include their largest and most profitable brands, Toyota and Lexus, as well as two smaller Japanese brands, Daihatsu and Hino. 

Toyota developed the Just-In-Time supply chain model which has been adopted by many other global corporations and ensures only the specific quantities and types of items needed are released into the assembly line when they are needed. 

Volkswagen has a comprehensive range of EVs

1. Volkswagen 

Founded: 1937
CEO: 
Oliver Blume
Employees: 
676,000
Revenue:
​​​​​​​US$356.71bn
Output: 
9.24m vehicles

The Volkswagen Group takes the top spot, with brands stretching from VW and Skoda to Bentley and Porsche. 

They are working towards a “completely digitised supply chain”  to “safeguard supply and leverage synergies” across the Group.

Vokswagen operates a Responsible Supply Chain System (ReSC) which, on top of standard risk analysis and supplier checks, operates the Human Rights Focus System and the Raw Materials Due Diligence Management System. 

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