May 17, 2020

Costco CEO James Sinegal stepping down

Supply Chain Digital
Warehousing Giant
Freddie Pierce
1 min
Warehousing pioneer James Sinegal will leave his CEO post at Costco at the end of this year
One of the pioneers in the warehousing industry is stepping down down. James Sinegal, CEO and co-founder of warehouse giant Costco Wholesale, is taking...

One of the pioneers in the warehousing industry is stepping down down.

James Sinegal, CEO and co-founder of warehouse giant Costco Wholesale, is taking off at the end of the year.

Sinegal, 75, helped start the warehousing company with Jeffrey Brotman in 1989, building the Costco brand into the country’s biggest member warehouse chain, with close to 600 locations worldwide.

The move wasn’t unexpected, as Sinegal’s departure was viewed as imminent after 59-year-old Craig Jelinek was promoted to president and COO 18 months ago.

“Costco has a very strong culture and a deep bench of management talent,” Mr. Sinegal said in a statement earlier this week. “I have total confidence in Craig's ability to handle his new responsibilities.”


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Sinegal will remain on Costco’s board, and will remain an adviser through 2013. The movement throughout the Costco executive team is not expected in impact the company or its brand at all.

“We do not think the strategic vision of the company will change,” Michael Extein, an analyst who follows Costco for Credit Suisse, told the Wall Street Journal in a research note.

Sinegal started as a grocery bagger in 1954, and reportedly fell in love with retailing. The lame-duck Costco CEO prided himself on the ability to visit each of the company’s 580 stores in all nine countries every year.

Sinegal was also largely responsible for staving off Wal-Mart’s efforts to capitalize on its warehouse clubs, as Costco still maintains a sizable lead in first place in terms of revenue.

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Jun 21, 2021

Google and NIST Address Supply Chain Cybersecurity

Elise Leise
3 min
The SolarWinds and Codecov cyberattacks reminded companies that software security poses a critical risk. How do we mitigate it?

As high-level supply chain attacks hit the news, Google and the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have both developed proposals for how to address software supply chain security. This isn’t a new field, unfortunately. Since supply chains are a critical part of business resilience, criminals have no qualms about targeting its software. That’s why identifying, assessing, and mitigating cyber supply chain risks (C-SCRM) is at the top of Google and NIST’s respective agendas. 


High-Profile Supply Chain Attacks 

According to Google, no comprehensive end-to-end framework exists to mitigate threats across the software supply chain. [Yet] ‘there is an urgent need for a solution in the face of the eye-opening, multi-billion-dollar attacks in recent months...some of which could have been prevented or made more difficult’. 


Here are several of the largest cybersecurity failures in recent months: 


  • SolarWinds. Alleged Russian hackers slipped malicious code into a routine software update, which they then used as a Trojan horse for a massive cyberattack. 
  • Codecov. Attackers used automation to collect credentials and raid ‘additional resources’, such as data from other software development vendors. 
  • Malicious attacks on open-source repositories. Out of 1,000 GitHub accounts, more than one in five contained at least one dependency confusion-related misconfiguration. 


As a result of these attacks and Biden’s recent cybersecurity mandate, NIST and Google took action. NIST held a 1,400-person workshop and published 150 papers worth of recommendations from Microsoft, Synopsys, The Linux Foundation, and other software experts; Google will work with popular source, build, and packaging platforms to help companies implement and excel at their SLSA framework


What Are Their Recommendations? 

Here’s a quick recap: NIST has grouped together recommendations to create federal standards; Google has developed an end-to-end framework called Supply Chain Levels for Software Artifacts (SLSA)—pronounced “Salsa”. Both address software procurement and security. 


Now, here’s the slightly more in-depth version: 


  • NIST. The organisation wants more ‘rigorous and predictable’ ways to secure critical software. They suggest that firms use vulnerability disclosure programmes (VDP) and software bills of materials (SBOM), consider simplifying their software and give at least one developer per project security training.
  • Google. The company thinks that SLSA will encompass the source-build-publish software workflow. Essentially, the four-level framework helps businesses make informed choices about the security of the software they use, with SLSA 4 representing an ideal end state. 


If this all sounds very abstract, consider the recent SolarWinds attack. The attacker compromised the build platform, installed an implant, and injected malicious behaviour during each build. According to Google, higher SLSA levels would have required stronger security controls for the build platform, making it more difficult for the attacker to succeed. 


How Do The Proposals Differ? 

As Brian Fox, the co-founder and CTO at Sonatype, sees it, NIST and Google have created proposals that complement each other. ‘The NIST [version] is focused on defining minimum requirements for software sold to the government’, he explained, while Google ‘goes [further] and proposes a specific model for scoring the supply chain. NIST is currently focused on the “what”. Google, along with other industry leaders, is grappling with the “how”’. 


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