May 17, 2020

Insourcing: Bringing jobs back home

Freddie Pierce
3 min
Insourcing: Bringing jobs back home

Insourcing is widely defined as the practice of using an internal department or in-house personnel in order to meet a companys need for selected servi...

Insourcing is widely defined as the practice of using an internal department or in-house personnel in order to meet a company’s need for selected services. Recently, there seems to have been a trend in the use of insourcing in a range of sectors and departments, from customer service to technical support; whether it is replacing work previously outsourced to locations such as India, or simply making available jobs in the home country.

Why has this pattern occurred? Often the more prominent reason to insource lies in the sentiment of confidence. More faith in the quality of tried and trusted local service can be a powerful reason to stick with the familiar. But the clear drawback is cost. Nigel Thomas, an associate at UK law firm Addleshaw and Goddard, says: “Insourcing is all well and good but it is often expensive and complicated to implement. So, like divorce, it should be considered only when all other avenues have been explored.” But unlike divorce, you can have a more productive relationship with people, namely your customers.

Delta Airlines, the expansive domestic and international network airline based in Atlanta, Georgia, is continually evaluating its outsource/insource options. Recently, CEO Richard Anderson announced that Delta would no longer handle customer service calls from India and confirmed that these would be handled in-house in the US. “Customer acceptance of call centre representatives in other countries was low and our customers are not shy about letting us have that feedback,” said Anderson. The company also informed Supply Chain Digital that Delta continues to outsource some general sales, SkyMiles, and back office/non-voice work, and has partners in Jamaica and South America.

According to, the airline has cancelled its contract with offshore services provider Wipro following negative customer feedback received after routing calls to India. In this instance, the initial outsourcing was said to save the company $25 million (£15 million) a year. The customer reaction was a less positive side effect.

Other companies to go down the road of insourcing include United Airlines. Originally it was not clear to Indian outsourcing organisations whether these moves were due to customer backlash or an effort on the part of these companies to bring jobs back home to help stimulate the economy. A source at United Airlines EMEA revealed that 165 jobs were made available in the US in April, to be split between Chicago and Hawaii as part of a “change to the way customer relations are handled”.

In Canada, Primus Telecommunications Canada, one of the largest communications carriers in the country, has announced that it will provide increased customer care and create new employment in the nation. Will Primus’ one million strong customer base benefit any more from this than previously? Vice President of Residential Marketing Rob Warden thinks so. “Customers in general prefer to deal with reps located in Canada,” he says. “The benefits for us in particular include bilingual staff as well as domestic job creation and logistical benefits.”

Despite the cost cutting times, the need for quality service to sell a quality product will endure and put firms in a strong position for coming out of the recession. And this quality, many companies find, often begins at home.

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Jun 21, 2021

Pandora and IBM digitise jewellery supply chain

2 min
Jewellery retailer Pandora teamed with IBM to streamline supply chains as sales of hand-finished jewellery doubled across ecommerce platforms

Pandora has overhauled its global supply chain in partnership with IBM amid an ecommerce sales boom for its hand-finished jewellery. 

The company found international success offering customisable charm bracelets and other personalised jewellery though its chain of bricks and mortar retail destinations. But in 2020, as the COVID-19 outbreak forced physical stores to close, Pandora strengthened its omnichannel operations and doubled online sales. 

A focus on customer experience included deploying IBM’s Sterling Order Management, increasing supply chain resiliency and safeguarding against disruption across the global value chain.

Pandora leverages IBM Sterling Order Management as the backbone it its omnichannel fulfilment, with Salesforce Commerce Cloud powering its ecommerce. Greater automation across its channels has boosted the jeweller’s sustainability credentials, IBM said, streamlining processes for more efficient delivery. It has also given in-store staff and virtual customer service representatives superior end-to-end visibility to better meet consumer needs. 

Jim Cruickshank, VP of Digital Development & Retail Technology, Pandora, said the digital transformation journey has brought “digital and store technology closer together and closer to the customer”, highlighting how important the customer journey remains, even during unprecedented disruption. 

"Our mission is about creating a personal experience and we've instituted massive platform changes with IBM Sterling and Salesforce to enable new digital-first capabilities that are much more individualised, localised and connected across channels and markets,” he added. 


Pandora’s pivot to digital 

The pandemic forced the doors closed at most of Pandora’s 2,700 retail locations. To remain competitive, it pivoted to online retail. Virtual queuing for stores and virtual product trials via augmented reality (AR) technology went someway to emulating the in-store experience and retail theatre that is the brand’s hallmark. Meanwhile digital investments in supply chain efficiency was central to delivering on consumer demand. 

“Consumer behaviour has significantly shifted and will continue to evolve with businesses needing to quickly adapt to new preferences and needs,” said Kareem Yusuf, General Manager, AI Applications and Blockchain, IBM. “To address this shift, leading retailers like Pandora rely on innovation to increase their business agility by enabling and scaling sustainable supply chain operations using AI and cloud.”

Yusuf said Pandora’s success was indicative of how to remain competitive by “finding new ways to create differentiated customer experiences that protect their enterprises from disruptions to help mitigate risk and accelerate growth”. 

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