Oct 17, 2014

Top 10 Global Ports

3 min
Felixstowe, England
The prestigious title of being the world’s biggest or busiest seaport has always been contested between numerous ports over the years due the c...

The prestigious title of being the world’s biggest or busiest seaport has always been contested between numerous ports over the years due the cumbersome task of working out how a port is bigger or more ‘busy’ than another.

10 Port of Felixstowe, England

It may come as a slight surprise to see Felixstowe on the list, but it is the UK’s largest container port and deals with nearly half of Britain’s containerised trade. Work has also started on expanding berth 9 so Felixstowe could move up future lists.

9 Port of Mombasa, Kenya

This seaport serves as a gateway to eastern African countries such as Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, DRC, and Southern Sudan. Port of Mombasa encompasses Kilindini Harbour and Port Reitz on the eastern side of the Mombasa Island and the Old Port and Port Tudor to the north. Facilities include 16 deep water berths and two oil terminals.

8 Port of Busan, South Korea

The Busan Port Authority (BPA) has only been running the Port of Busan for a decade, but in that time the port has developed into one of the world’s leading ports. Busan handled over 17 million containers in 2012 alone.

7 Port of Hamburg, Germany

The Port of Hamburg managed to achieve above-average growth rates both in cargo-handling operations overall and in container traffic last year. Strategically placed 110km from the North Sea and with a total handling volume of 140m tonnes, Hamburg is set to further increase its market share in Europe.

6 Port of Santos, Brazil

This Brazilian facility is the busiest container port in Latin America and therefore vital for the export of goods from the continent. For example, the Port of Santos exported 12.8 million tonnes of sugar in the first eight months of 2013 alone.

5 Port of South Louisiana, USA

Sprawled a staggering 54 miles along the Mississippi River, the Port of South Louisiana is the largest tonnage port district in the western hemisphere. The largest port in the United States sees over 4,000 ocean-going vessels and 55,000 barges call at the port each year.

4 Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan, China

The port has remained the second in cargo throughput in China and has 309 productive berths. The rapid development of Ningbo-Zhoushan has also seen throughput capacity and cargo throughput all surpass 100 million tonnes. This huge port is also set to expand further in the coming years.

3 Port of Rotterdam, Holland

The Port of Rotterdam used to have the title of world’s busiest port in terms of cargo tonnage, but was overtaken by Far East counterparts in recent years. It is still by far the biggest seaport in Europe though- the 40 kilometre facility deals with an annual throughput of 450 million tonnes of cargo a year.

2 Port of Singapore, Singapore

Accounting for one-seventh of the world’s container transhipment throughput and having handled 32.24 million TEU’s of containers, the Port of Singapore is a truly giant port. Also one of the globe’s largest refrigerated container ports, Singapore is connected to more than 600 other ports around the world.

1 Shanghai, China

Shanghai’s seaport covers the size of 470 football pitches and handled more than 736 million tonnes of cargo in one year, making it the busiest port in the world. The port has in no small part helped China leapfrog the US and become the world’s largest trading nation.

Based at the gateway of the East China Sea, where the Yangtse River known as the Golden Waterway flows into sea, Shanghai holds a vital location for foreign trade. In fact, the annual import and export trade throughout Shanghai accounts for a quarter of China’s foreign trade in terms of value.

With Shanghai’s increasing expansion and China’s breakneck economic growth, the port is set to remain at the top of the list and keep the title of being the world largest and busiest port.

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Aug 24, 2018

Top 10 air freight carriers

Supply Chain
James Henderson
5 min
Supply Chain |Digital runs down the world's top 10 air freight carriers
10. Cargolux Group

10. Cargolux Group

The Luxembourgish freight carrier Cargolux Group (comprised of Cargolux Airlines and Cargolux Italia, established in 2008) remained in the number 10 spot, with a total reported FTK (Freight Tonne Kilometer) equaling 7.45 bn, which represents a 7.7% expansion year-over-year. The carrier group currently operates a fleet of 30 aircraft (26 through Cargolux Airlines and an addition four through Cargolux Italia), primarily variants of the Boeing 747.


9. Korean Air

Headquartered in Seoul, Korean Air provides cargo and passenger services to over 100 destinations in 44 countries. The carrier fell from eighth place in the previous year’s rankings, with a total FTK of 7.66 bn, representing a 7.1% decrease year-over-year. Korean Air reported a net revenue of $10.7bn in 2017, also reporting a return to profitability for the first time in five years, according to Forbes.





 8. Air France-KLM

The Air France-KLM freight carrier group was founded in 1947. The group is comprised of Air France, KLM, and Martinair, and is based in Paris, France. Falling from seventh place in the Freight 50 rankings, the carrier reported a total FTK of 8.13 bn, which represents a 9.2% decrease in traffic year-over-year. The group reported a net revenue of $29.08bn at the end of 2017 and is ranked #28 on Forbes Magazine’s list of Best Employers.




7. Qatar Airways

Qatar Airways, the nationally owned airline of the Kingdom of Qatar is based in Doha, and ascended two places in the Freight 50 rankings, with a total FTK of 9.22 bn, representing a 19.6% increase in comparison to the previous financial year. The carrier’s Cargo division recently launched facilities at its hub in Doha to provide a “Seamless Cool Chain”, comprised of a “2,470 square metres Climate Control Centre situated at the airside… equipped with segregated temperature-controlled sections for storing pharmaceuticals and perishables.” This end-to-end supply chain control is expected to further improve Qatar’s standing as a leader of Middle Eastern air freight.







6. Lufthansa Group

Based in Cologne, Germany, the Lufthansa Group (comprised of Lufthansa, Swiss, Austrian, and Brussels Airlines) fell from the fourth position in the Freight 50, with a combined FTK of 9.46 bn. While this represents a 1.6% increase in traffic, year-over-year, the carrier was forced down the list by drastic growth from other German freight company, DHL. According to Forbes, Lufthansa’s revenue and net profits ($41.5 bn and $2.78 bn, respectively) in 2017 are both the highest reported by the company over a ten-year period.



5. Cathay Group

The Cathay Group (composed of Cathay Pacific Airlines and Dragonair) is headquartered in Hong Kong and its Cargo division accounts for 21% of the airline’s total revenue. The company’s first dedicated cargo flight between Hong Kong, Frankfurt, and London, was established in 1981, according to the official site. Now, Cathay Pacific’s Cargo Division services over 47 destinations worldwide. The carrier fell from the fourth position on the Freight 50 ranking, as its total FTK fell by 3.6%, to 10.21 bn. According to Forbes, Cathay Pacific experienced a second year of unprofitability, although the airline’s asset portfolio reached a record high in 2017, with a net value of $24.1bn.





4. DHL Express Group

Operating as the largest European carrier group, DHL Express Group (composed of DHL Air, DHL International, Air Hong Kong, Polar Air Cargo, ABX Air, Southern Air, Aerologic, and EAT Leipzig) rose two positions in the Freight 50 rankings. The carrier reported a total FTK of 10.56 bn, which represents an increase of 15.1% year-over-year. In 2018, at the Farnborough Air Show, DHL Express announced the purchase of 14 Boeing 777s, part of a new strategy to modernise its fleet.




3. UPS Airlines

Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, UPS Airlines is part of United Parcel Service, Inc. Founded in 1908, UPS is the oldest company in the Top Ten, and retained third place in the Freight 50 rankings, with a total FTK of 11.26 bn. This represents a 3.9% increase year-over-year. The Company as a whole reported a net revenue of $67.7 bn, according to Forbes, representing a continuation of a ten-year trend of continuous growth. Forbes also ranks UPS among the world’s top 100 most-innovative companies, and the world’s top 50 most-valuable brands.


2. Emirates Skycargo

The state-owned air freight carrier for the UAE, Emirates Skycargo remains in second place on the Freight 50, with a total FTK of 12.27 bn, representing a 0.4% decrease year-over-year. The carrier’s central hub in Dubai allows its 259-strong fleet to reach over 1.5 bn consumers in under eight hours. Current purchasing plans are underway for Emirates Skycargo to almost double its fleet size. According to Albawaba, “In response to increasing demand from its customers, Emirates SkyCargo introduced a range of air transport solutions specific to industry verticals including Emirates Pharma, Emirates Wheels and Emirates Fresh.” Emirates Wheels has transported close to 150 cars per month since the program’s inception.


1. FedEx Express

Founded in 1998, FedEx Express is both the youngest and largest air freight carrier worldwide, with a total FTK of 15.71 bn. Haulage decreased by 0.9% year-over-year, while revenue increased to $60.5 bn in 2016, and again to $63.8 bn in 2017, continuing an eight-year growth trend. FedEx employs 395,000 members of staff, with FedEx Express operating across twelve transport hubs globally. The carrier purchased an additional 24 Boeing 777 variants in 2018, maintaining their company’s position as the largest airline in terms of cargo haulage.





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