May 17, 2020

Warehouse fires ravage New Jersey

Supply Chain
Supply Chain Problems
Warehousing
Warehousin
Freddie Pierce
1 min
Five warehouse fires have hit New Jersey in the last 30 days, prompting a Federal investigation
A rash of warehouse fires in New Jersey has prompted a federal investigation to try and figure out if the fires are linked or part of an arsonist ring...

A rash of warehouse fires in New Jersey has prompted a federal investigation to try and figure out if the fires are linked or part of an arsonist ring.

Five warehouse fires have been reported in old or abandoned warehouse buildings in Camden’s old industrial center over the past 30 days, with the latest blaze happening last night.

The two-alarm blaze was quickly contained, but the upper floor of the two-story Clement Coverall Co. plant collapsed in the latest warehouse fire.

Ben Cracolici was staying with friends across the street when the flames engulfed the warehouse.

“The smoke was outrageous,” Cracolici told Philly.com. “We were lucky the smoke was blowing away from the house.”

The Clement Coverall Co. plant was the fifth warehouse fire reported in the last 30 days. The third fire, reported on June 20 at a former detergent factory in East Camden was ruled arson, but the other four fires are still under investigation.

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The first fire, a 12-alarm blaze reported on June 9 at a former tire-distribution center, damaged 23 buildings, 10 of which were occupied. More than half of the buildings suffered severe damage, and 16 families were left homeless following the fire.

The second fire struck on June 11 at an old garment factory and was an eight-alarm fire. The June 20 fire was the one fire ruled arson, while a one-alarm fire struck on June 23 at an abandoned warehouse building.

According to Philly.com, Camden has roughly 3,000 abandoned buildings, “many of which are used frequently by drug dealers, prostitutes and scrap metal thieves.”

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Jun 21, 2021

Google and NIST Address Supply Chain Cybersecurity

Google
NIST
SLSA4
Sonatype
Elise Leise
3 min
The SolarWinds and Codecov cyberattacks reminded companies that software security poses a critical risk. How do we mitigate it?

As high-level supply chain attacks hit the news, Google and the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have both developed proposals for how to address software supply chain security. This isn’t a new field, unfortunately. Since supply chains are a critical part of business resilience, criminals have no qualms about targeting its software. That’s why identifying, assessing, and mitigating cyber supply chain risks (C-SCRM) is at the top of Google and NIST’s respective agendas. 

 

High-Profile Supply Chain Attacks 

According to Google, no comprehensive end-to-end framework exists to mitigate threats across the software supply chain. [Yet] ‘there is an urgent need for a solution in the face of the eye-opening, multi-billion-dollar attacks in recent months...some of which could have been prevented or made more difficult’. 

 

Here are several of the largest cybersecurity failures in recent months: 

 

  • SolarWinds. Alleged Russian hackers slipped malicious code into a routine software update, which they then used as a Trojan horse for a massive cyberattack. 
  • Codecov. Attackers used automation to collect credentials and raid ‘additional resources’, such as data from other software development vendors. 
  • Malicious attacks on open-source repositories. Out of 1,000 GitHub accounts, more than one in five contained at least one dependency confusion-related misconfiguration. 

 

As a result of these attacks and Biden’s recent cybersecurity mandate, NIST and Google took action. NIST held a 1,400-person workshop and published 150 papers worth of recommendations from Microsoft, Synopsys, The Linux Foundation, and other software experts; Google will work with popular source, build, and packaging platforms to help companies implement and excel at their SLSA framework

 

What Are Their Recommendations? 

Here’s a quick recap: NIST has grouped together recommendations to create federal standards; Google has developed an end-to-end framework called Supply Chain Levels for Software Artifacts (SLSA)—pronounced “Salsa”. Both address software procurement and security. 

 

Now, here’s the slightly more in-depth version: 

 

  • NIST. The organisation wants more ‘rigorous and predictable’ ways to secure critical software. They suggest that firms use vulnerability disclosure programmes (VDP) and software bills of materials (SBOM), consider simplifying their software and give at least one developer per project security training.
  • Google. The company thinks that SLSA will encompass the source-build-publish software workflow. Essentially, the four-level framework helps businesses make informed choices about the security of the software they use, with SLSA 4 representing an ideal end state. 

 

If this all sounds very abstract, consider the recent SolarWinds attack. The attacker compromised the build platform, installed an implant, and injected malicious behaviour during each build. According to Google, higher SLSA levels would have required stronger security controls for the build platform, making it more difficult for the attacker to succeed. 

 

How Do The Proposals Differ? 

As Brian Fox, the co-founder and CTO at Sonatype, sees it, NIST and Google have created proposals that complement each other. ‘The NIST [version] is focused on defining minimum requirements for software sold to the government’, he explained, while Google ‘goes [further] and proposes a specific model for scoring the supply chain. NIST is currently focused on the “what”. Google, along with other industry leaders, is grappling with the “how”’. 

 

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