May 17, 2020

How the cloud helps manufacturers handle 'Big Data'

Supply Chain Digital
Supply Chain Professional
Manufacturi
Freddie Pierce
5 min
‘Big Data’ has been highlighted as one of the key IT trends for the next few years for manufacturers and supply chain pros
By Mark Morley, Director of Industry Marketing for Manufacturing, GXS For more information, visit www.gxs.co.uk ‘Big Data has been highlighted as...

By Mark Morley, Director of Industry Marketing for Manufacturing, GXS

For more information, visit www.gxs.co.uk

‘Big Data’ has been highlighted as one of the key IT trends for the next few years, Terrabytes of data will need to be transferred across IT and B2B infrastructures of the future.  But how can you achieve this seamlessly without impacting the performance of your company’s network and of course at the same time ensure that the data is transferred securely?

One area where Big Data is produced is within the engineering department of a manufacturing company. Nearly all of today’s products, from consumer electronic devices through to cars and planes are designed using 3D Computer Aided Design systems. Boeing’s new 787 aircraft is perhaps the best example of Big Data, a plane designed and manufactured by many different partners around the world with Terrabytes of design information needing to be exchanged across Boeing’s supply chain. In fact, the complexity of this particular supply chain is said to have been one of the main reasons why the plane has been three years late getting to its first customer.

Many manufacturers use sub-contractors to not only design certain sub-systems of a product, but to also manufacture these components as well. One of the main reasons why 3D CAD models were introduced was to do away with making physical prototypes and to be able to re-use this information in downstream processes such as stress analysis, testing and even as a way of marketing a product, for example producing complex simulations or animations of how a final product might work. In addition to analysis, testing and marketing, Big Data needs to be transferred for conversion into machining related information to allow the product to be manufactured.

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Once you have created your Big Data you will then need to find a way of storing this information so that it may be accessed by users across the extended enterprise at any time in the future. Typically this information will be stored offsite in some form of mass storage facility. Given that many of today’s products are likely to remain in service for many years, for example the Boeing 787 could have a 20-year lifespan, there may be a need to get access to the design information at some point in the future. The recent throttle pedal design issue affecting Toyota cars led to key components being analyzed to see if there were any obvious faults with the design. By accessing archived CAD data relating to the design of the throttle pedal assembly, accident investigators or transport related authorities could quickly determine who designed the components, what they were made of and who supplied the materials. In essence, it provides full traceability of every component used to manufacture the throttle pedal assembly.

Even though I highlighted earlier that 3D CAD models have allowed manufacturers to do away with producing physical prototypes, there has been significant interest in using 3D CAD models to create ‘Rapid Prototyping’ or 3D Stereolithography’ (SLA) models. This process of 3D manufacturing has changed the way in which products can be made quickly from nothing more than a vat or bath of heat curable photosensitive polymer based liquid. The product is generated slowly, layer by layer and a high powered laser cures the liquid material into the shape depicted by the 3D CAD model.  This process allows designers to test out designs for either aesthetic purposes or ‘inline testing’. For example, pump bodies can be manufactured and tested using this process, and even entire engine blocks can be manufactured in this way as well to allow for ‘one time testing’ of key components.  Rapid prototyping has found many uses in the area of consumer electronics, for example testing different styles of enclosures or cases designs.

Rapid prototyping is not a new technology, it was originally conceived in the early 1990s and in fact a student at my university did his PhD in this area. The increased adoption of 3D CAD modeling over the past few years combined with a need to get products to market much more quickly has led to a resurgence of interest in this manufacturing process. 3D Systems is one of the world’s leading producers of 3D rapid prototyping machines.

Here at GXS we have seen an increasing trend from companies who need to transfer large amounts of engineering related data and a common way to achieve this is with a Managed File Transfer or MFT type tool.  This B2B tool allows you to simplify how you transfer large amounts of data, securely, between your trading partners and your company. Combined with Trading Grid, our Integration Cloud Platform, we can help manufacturers exchange Big Data with their trading partners.

In fact, from a Cloud perspective I believe that the transfer and archiving of Big Data will become a key capability of a ‘manufacturing focused cloud environment’. Web based tools will allow you to upload your Big Data to the manufacturing cloud, once there, it can be stored for Long Term Archival and Retrieval (LTAR) or it can be accessed by production facilities that may need to use this Big Data in some way, for example creating machining related information or as part of a 3D Rapid Prototyping facility that I mentioned above.  The French industry association SASIG has been developing standards for LTAR and they recently released a report in this area.  In 2010, Odette launched their OFTP2 communications protocol and this web based protocol has been designed from the ground up to allow Big Data to be transferred between trading partners across the internet.  GXS OFTP2 as a Service offering was introduced towards the end of 2010.

I think we are reaching an exciting time in the evolution of industry focused cloud based environments and I strongly believe that some of the capabilities that I have described in this blog entry will find their way into a dedicated cloud for manufacturers in the very near future.  I will expand on this exciting area in a future blog entry.

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Edited by Kevin Scarpati

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Jun 16, 2021

EU and US agree end to Airbus-Boeing supply chain tariffs

supplychain
Boeing
Airbus
tariffs
3 min
Supply chains embroiled in Airbus-Boeing dispute will no longer be impacted by $11.5bn tariffs imposed on food and beverage, aircraft and tobacco

The EU and US have agreed to resolve a 17-year dispute over aircraft subsidies, suspending tariffs on billions of dollars' worth of goods that have plagued procurement leaders on both sides of the Atlantic. 

Under an agreement reached by European Commission Executive Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai on Tuesday, the tariffs will be halted for a period of at least five years. 

It will bring an end to punitive and disruptive levies on supply chains that have little to do with the argument, which became embroiled in the trade battle. Businesses on both sides of the dispute have been hit with more than $3.3bn in duties since they were first imposed by the US in October 2019, according the EC. 

The US imposed charges on goods upto $7.5bn in response to a World Trade Organisation ruling that judged the EU’s support of Airbus, its biggest aircraft manufacturer, unlawful. A year later in November 2020, the EU hit back. The WTO found the US had violated trade rules in its favourable treatment of Boeing, and was hit with EU duties worth $4bn. 

In all the tariffs affected $11.5bn worth of goods, including French cheese, Scotch whisky, aircraft and machinery in Europe, and sugarcane products, handbags and tobacco in America. Procurement leaders on both sides of the fence were forced to wrestle with tariffs of 15% on aircraft and components, and 25% on non-aircraft related products. 

Boeing-Airbus dispute by the numbers  

  • The dispute began in 2004
  • Tariffs suspended for 5 years 
  • $11.5bn worth of goods affected by tariffs
  • $3.3bn in duties paid by businesses to date 
  • 15% levy on aircraft and 25% on non-aircraft goods suspended

Both sides welcome end to tariffs 

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen branded the truce a “major step” in ending what is the longest running dispute in WTO history. It began in 2004.

“I am happy to see that after intensive work between the European Commission and the US administration, our transatlantic partnership is on its way to reaching cruising speed. This shows the new spirit of cooperation between the EU and the US and that we can solve the other issues to our mutual benefit,” she added.

Both aircraft manufacturers have welcomed the news. Airbus said in a statement that it will hopefully bring to an end the “lose-lose tariffs” that are affecting industries already facing “many challenges”. Boeing added that it will “fully support the U.S. Government’s efforts to ensure that the principles in this understanding are respected”. 

The US aerospace firm added: "The understanding reached today commits the EU to addressing launch aid, and leaves in place the necessary rules to ensure that the EU and United States live up to that commitment, without requiring further WTO action."

This week’s decision expands upon a short-term tariff truce announced in March this year. The EC says it will work closely with the US to try and further resolve the dispute, establishing a Working Group on Large Civil Aircraft led by each side’s trade minister.

Airbus last month signalled to suppliers that post-pandemic recovery was on the horizon, telling them to scale up to meet a return to pre-COVID manufacturing levels. “The aviation sector is beginning to recover from the COVID-19 crisis,” said Airbus chief executive Guillaume Faury, adding that suppliers should prepare for a period of intensive production “when market conditions call for it.”

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