Brazil may become net import of aluminum by 2014
With aluminum consumption in Brazil to surpass Brazils installed capacity, Brazil may become a net importer of aluminum by 2013-2014. According to an...
With aluminum consumption in Brazil to surpass Brazil’s installed capacity, Brazil may become a net importer of aluminum by 2013-2014. According to an analyst during the fourth international aluminum congress in São Paulo, this will be the case without new investments to boost domestic production.
According to the analyst, who is a consultant at IBRE-FGV, Brazil may become a net importer of aluminum for the first time since the 1960s. It was also pointed out that the domestic production of semi-finished aluminum products has grown more quickly than several economic sectors in Brazil.
However, there is a need to expand the capacity in order to supply Brazil’s demand, which is set to increase within the next few years.
It was announced in a recent news report that Brazil’s annual aluminum consumption will grow from 6.6 percent to 9.1 percent through 2020, although imports could exceed exports sooner than that.
Abal, Brazil’s national aluminum association, has forecast that Brazil’s domestic consumption will rise 21 percent in 2010 to 1.2Mt. Local consumption may reach 2Mt a year by the end of the decade, while the country’s installed capacity is only 1.6Mt a year.
According to reports, aluminum imports could increase through several forms, from aluminum sheets to finished products, such as air-conditioning equipment. Aluminum import volumes are forecast to increase by 47 percent in 2010, in comparison to last year. Exports, in contrast are forecast to drop 19.3 percent within the same time frame, according to an Abal economy and statistics coordinator.
EU and US agree end to Airbus-Boeing supply chain tariffs
The EU and US have agreed to resolve a 17-year dispute over aircraft subsidies, suspending tariffs on billions of dollars' worth of goods that have plagued procurement leaders on both sides of the Atlantic.
Under an agreement reached by European Commission Executive Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis and US Trade Representative Katherine Tai on Tuesday, the tariffs will be halted for a period of at least five years.
It will bring an end to punitive and disruptive levies on supply chains that have little to do with the argument, which became embroiled in the trade battle. Businesses on both sides of the dispute have been hit with more than $3.3bn in duties since they were first imposed by the US in October 2019, according the EC.
The US imposed charges on goods upto $7.5bn in response to a World Trade Organisation ruling that judged the EU’s support of Airbus, its biggest aircraft manufacturer, unlawful. A year later in November 2020, the EU hit back. The WTO found the US had violated trade rules in its favourable treatment of Boeing, and was hit with EU duties worth $4bn.
In all the tariffs affected $11.5bn worth of goods, including French cheese, Scotch whisky, aircraft and machinery in Europe, and sugarcane products, handbags and tobacco in America. Procurement leaders on both sides of the fence were forced to wrestle with tariffs of 15% on aircraft and components, and 25% on non-aircraft related products.
Boeing-Airbus dispute by the numbers
- The dispute began in 2004
- Tariffs suspended for 5 years
- $11.5bn worth of goods affected by tariffs
- $3.3bn in duties paid by businesses to date
- 15% levy on aircraft and 25% on non-aircraft goods suspended
Both sides welcome end to tariffs
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen branded the truce a “major step” in ending what is the longest running dispute in WTO history. It began in 2004.
“I am happy to see that after intensive work between the European Commission and the US administration, our transatlantic partnership is on its way to reaching cruising speed. This shows the new spirit of cooperation between the EU and the US and that we can solve the other issues to our mutual benefit,” she added.
Both aircraft manufacturers have welcomed the news. Airbus said in a statement that it will hopefully bring to an end the “lose-lose tariffs” that are affecting industries already facing “many challenges”. Boeing added that it will “fully support the U.S. Government’s efforts to ensure that the principles in this understanding are respected”.
The US aerospace firm added: "The understanding reached today commits the EU to addressing launch aid, and leaves in place the necessary rules to ensure that the EU and United States live up to that commitment, without requiring further WTO action."
This week’s decision expands upon a short-term tariff truce announced in March this year. The EC says it will work closely with the US to try and further resolve the dispute, establishing a Working Group on Large Civil Aircraft led by each side’s trade minister.
Airbus last month signalled to suppliers that post-pandemic recovery was on the horizon, telling them to scale up to meet a return to pre-COVID manufacturing levels. “The aviation sector is beginning to recover from the COVID-19 crisis,” said Airbus chief executive Guillaume Faury, adding that suppliers should prepare for a period of intensive production “when market conditions call for it.”